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Major Commodities - Grains


Covering every state of Australia, grain growers occupy almost 20 million hectares of productive land.

Producing a wide variety of cereal products - primarily barley, grain sorghum, maize oats, triticale and wheat - Australian grains are internationally regarded for their high-quality and reliability, both as bulk commodity exports and value-added products - valued at approximately $9 billion-a-year.

Australian grains: fast facts

  • In Australia, 40,281,000 tonnes of coarse grain were produced in 2010-11 (cereal crops
    primarily including barley, grain sorghum, maize, oats, triticale and wheat), covering 19,283,000 hectares of land.
  • ABARES, Australian Commodity Statistics, 2011

  • The total amount of wheat produced in Australia in 2010-11 was 27,891,000 tonnes on 13,645,000 hectares. The total amount of barley produced in the same time frame equalled 8,145,000 tonnes on 3,740,000 hectares.
  • ABARES, Australian Commodity Statistics, 2011

  • Production of the major winter grains in 2011 is estimated at over 27 million tonnes for wheat, 2.4 million tonnes for barley and 2.4 million tonnes for canola.
  • ABARES, Australian Commodity Statistics, 2011.

  • The total gross value for all grains and oilseeds in Australia in 2009-10 is approximately $9 billion-a-year.
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics, Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, 2009/2010, Catalogue No. 7503.0

  • Globally, 1,100 million tonnes of coarse grain were produced in 2010-11, covering over 306
    million hectares of land.
  • ABARES, Australian Commodity Statistics 2011.

  • Australia’s annual export volume of coarse grains in 2010-11 was 5,337,000 tonnes, with an export value of $1.493 billion.
  • ABARES, Australian Commodity Statistics 2011.

  • Australia exported 4,625,000 tonnes of barley in 2010-11, worth $1.295 billion. Exports of sorghum for the same period were valued at $146 million, and totalled 553,000 tonnes.
  • ABARES, Australian Commodity Statistics 2011.

For more, view NFF Farm Facts 2012.

Further information

< Major Commodities